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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77247 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Missouri Juvenile Court Statistics, 1978
Corporate Author: Missouri Division of Youth Services
Dept of Social Services
United States of America

Missouri Division of Planning and Budget
Office of Research and Statistics
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Missouri Division of Planning and Budget
Jefferson City, MO 65102
Missouri Division of Youth Services
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0447
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This 1978 annual report contains statistics on delinquency and status offenses and abuse and neglect in Missouri. Comparisons with past trends and rank-orderings of offenses by sex, age groups, type of handling, and disposition by areas are also provided.
Abstract: Because court participation in this compilation is voluntary, the categorical breakdowns account for information from counties representing approximately 45 percent of the State's juvenile population. However, because of the aggregate information from St Louis City, Jackson, and St Louis Counties, the total referrals account for an area that contains 95 percent of the juvenile population. A number of tables are summarized by the standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA) designation. Referrals for traffic offenses and for adoptions for 1978, as well as for prior years back to 1937 are reported. The total reported juvenile delinquency referrals was 52,360 (a 7.8 percent increase in nontraffic referrals). Of these, 16,736 (32 percent) were for traffic violations (a 22.1 percent increase). The reasons for referral were juvenile or status offenses, including running away; truancy; violation of curfew; ungovernable behavior; and possession or drinking of liquor. Adult-type or delinquent offenses, which accounted for 67.8 percent of the 1978 referrals, include murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, negligent manslaughter, sex offenses, purse snatching, robbery, assault, auto theft, and possession of weapons, among others. Females were referred for status offenses 38.4 percent of the time compared to 18.3 percent of males. A greater percentage of misdemeanor public order referrals were handled unofficially than any other offense category, while status offenses were handled unofficially more often than officially. The 'dismissed and warned' category is the most prevalent type of disposition both in and outside of the SMSA's. There were also 6,855 referrals reported for abuse, and neglect; 62.2 percent of these children required no care outside the home prior to the disposition of their cases. Of the 1,837 abuse and neglect cases for which disposition information was obtained, 685 (37.3 percent were referred to another agency for supervision or service. Tabular data and survey instruments are provided.
Index Term(s): Child abuse registers; Court statistics; Female juvenile delinquents; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile status offenses; Male juvenile delinquents; Missouri; Probation statistics; Standard metropolitan statistic area; Urban area studies
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