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NCJ Number: 77322 Find in a Library
Title: Legal and Procedural Issues Related to the Waiver Process (From Major Issues in Juvenile Justice Information and Training - Readings in Public Policy, P 227-264, 1981, John C Hall et al, ed. - See NCJ-77318)
Author(s): S M Davis
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 38
Sponsoring Agency: Academy for Contemporary Problems
Sale Source: Academy for Contemporary Problems
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Legal and procedural issues related to the juvenile court waiver process are examined to determine the extent to which certain rights are applicable to juvenile proceedings and the extent to which the possibility of waiver makes their applicability more compelling.
Abstract: Issues which arise before and during the waiver process relate to the admissibility of juvenile confessions, the use of lineups, hearsay evidence, and the right to bail. Other issues related to the waiver process include the confidentiality of juvenile court files after waiver, the need for a probable cause determination, and the effects of plea bargaining and guilty pleas. Additional issues include prosecutorial discretion, amenability to treatment, and the right to an appeal from a waiver order. Statutory and constitutional provisions are discussed as are pertinent State and Federal case law. Among recommendations are the adoption of an absolute requirement of parental presence in connection with custodial interrogation of children and the treatment of child's request to see a parent before or during interrogation as the equivalent of a request to see an attorney. Bail should also not be allowed in juvenile proceedings, even in those in which the child faces a possibility of transfer to criminal court, and information in the juvenile court file should not be permitted to be used in a subsequent criminal proceeding, except on the question of sentencing or disposition. It is also recommended that timely appeal of a waiver order by either the child or the state is permitted. Additional recommendations and footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Confessions; Confidential records access; Hearsay evidence; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile plea bargaining; Juvenile processing; Rights of minors; Rights of the accused
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