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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77346 Find in a Library
Title: Organization Development - Revitalization or Reorganization
Author(s): W E Nay
Corporate Author: University of California
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of California
Livermore, CA 94550
US Dept of Energy
Washington, DC 20585
Contract Number: W-7405-Eng-48
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The applicability of Organization Development (OD) techniques to police management is discussed.
Abstract: OD is a new concept in managment theory and has evolved from the theories of human behaviorists. Its application in police organizations has been limited due to the theory's newness and to general resistance to change. As OD emerges as an accepted technique in modern organizations, criminal justice agencies must take a critical look at its major components and determine how best to apply them to a police organization. A review of the development of the police organization and its bureaucratization demonstrates that the traditional, 'mechanistic' police organization can no longer survive in the unstable environment in which it must exist. OD can be used to effect changes in an 'organic' organization which is highly flexible and responsive to changes in the environment. It is characterized by a long-range and sustained top management response to changes in the internal and external environment and by a process of initiating, creating, and confronting needed changes by using reflexive, self-analytic methods of applying the techniques of behavioral science for system improvement. OD's target is the organization as a total organic system, including its beliefs, values, and structures. Intervention programs are briefly reviewed, and the successful application of OD techniques at the San Francisco Police Department is described. Footnotes and a 48-item reference list are included.
Index Term(s): Change management; Organization development; Police management; Police reform
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