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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77365 Find in a Library
Title: Crime and the Law - A Look at the Criminal Justice System
Author(s): M PhillipsStein W
Editor(s): W Stein
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 64
Sponsoring Agency: New Readers Press
Syracuse, NY 13210
Sale Source: New Readers Press
Publishing Division of Laubach Literacy International
Box 131
13210 Janesville Avenue
Syracuse, NY 13210
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This booklet describes how the U.S. criminal justice system works, with attention to the rights of suspects and defendants at each stage of criminal or civil procedure.
Abstract: The introduction presents a brief history of the justice system starting with its foundations in English common law; an explanation of the constitutional aspects of criminal justice and the main ideas behind American practices; and an overview of the components of the criminal justice system. The discussion then turns to classes and types of crimes; the jurisdiction and organization of both the Federal and State court systems; and various aspects of trial by jury, including the selection of jurors and types of juries. A brief review of constitutional protections against unreasonable searches and seizures is followed by information on search warrants; on searches of cars, persons, and homes; and on proper behavior during police searches. A description of arrest procedures covers suspects' rights, arraignment, bail, the preliminary hearing, plea bargaining, and arbitration. Trial and sentencing procedures receive attention and defendants' rights, appeal, probation and parole, and civil disability are explained. The selection and responsibilities of lawyers in criminal cases also receive attention. Finally, the text focuses on victims and witnesses, providing suggestions for reporting crimes and for testifying before the police and in court. Moreover, means of victim assistance are reviewed, and the special problems faced by victims of rape and family violence receive consideration. Glossaries accompany the chapters. Photographs, illustrations, and a 10-item, selected-reading list are included.
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Battered wives; Release on recognizance; Search and seizure; Self instructional materials; Sexual assault victims; Trial procedures; Trials; Victims of Crime; Witnesses
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