skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 77375 Find in a Library
Title: National Corrections Policy - Formulation and Implementation
Journal: Corrections Today  Volume:43  Issue:2  Dated:(March/April 1981)  Pages:56-59,62-63,67
Author(s): A F Breed
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 7
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The American Correctional Association should formulate a national corrections policy, according to this article, which gives examples of comprehensive policies concerning prison overcrowding and the classification of prisoners.
Abstract: A comprehensive policy concerning overcrowding should be based on the assumption that the right of the State to confine offenders does not include the right to house more offenders than each facility is certified to hold. Therefore, when the number of inmates to be housed exceeds the certified capacity, the chief executive officer of the correctional system must reduce the number of prisoners in the overcrowded institution(s) within 72 hours. This may be done by transferring prisoners to other facilities or by temporarily releasing and furloughing prisoners. Any person confined in a less humane environment shall have a cause of action for release and for actual damages. A policy concerning classification of prisoners is needed because most prisoners currently are classified as requiring more secure facilities than is necessary which is both inhumane and costly. Thus, a comprehensive policy concerning this issue should be based on the principle that the right of the State to incarcerate prisoners implies the obligation to use a modern, empirically tested classification system that insures for each offender the minimum level of security required for personal safety and public protection. Therefore, within 3 months of incarceration, each prisoner should be housed according to the security classification. Prisoners who are not so housed may seek a judicial order enforcing their classification and awarding them damages. Formulation and implementation of the national policy should be initially financed by the American Correctional Association to ensure a prompt start and to avoid compromise over the development process. An outline of the process of formulation and implementation of the policy is proposed.
Index Term(s): American Correctional Association (ACA); Correctional facilities; Offender classification; Overcrowding; Standards
Note: Presented at the Opening Session of the 1981 American Correctional Association Midwinter Conference held in Phoenix, Arizona, January 22-25.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.