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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77442 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Population and Statistical Analysis of Pennsylvania County Prisons and Jails, 1976-1977
Corporate Author: Pennsylvania Bureau of Corrections
Planning and Research Division
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 63
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Pennsylvania Bureau of Corrections
Camp Hill, PA 17011
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from 1976 and 1977 deal with the characteristics of Pennsylvania's county prison and jail populations, with trend data provided for 1960 through 1977.
Abstract: Data are based entirely on monthly population reports submitted to the Bureau of Correction by each county prison and jail. Specifically, the data treat population trends, the largest county prisons, major types of receptions and releases, statuses on December 31, 1960 to 1977, racial distribution, selected offenses by age, maximum sentence distribution, time served by method, and time served by offense. The average daily population in county prisons increased slightly in 1976 and then dropped to pre-1975 levels during 1977. Sixteen county prisons averaged over 100 prisoners per day in 1976 and 1977; these 16 counties accounted for 77.6 percent of all county prisoners in 1976 and 76.9 percent in 1977. In 1976, the number of court commitments received in county prisons continued to increase with a jump of 1.7 percent over 1975 levels; in 1977, court commitments dropped by 8.6 percent. Unconditional releases have risen in the last 4 years, with increases of 2.5 percent in 1976 and 12.5 percent in 1977. Conditional releases increased 11.7 percent in 1976 and 0.2 percent in 1977. In 1976, detention releases fell 4 percent, and in 1977, the number decreased by 7.8 percent. On December 31, 1976 and 1977, whites accounted for the majority of prisoners for the first time since 1966. The major offenses of 1976 county commitments were motor vehicle code violations (15.8 percent), disorderly conduct (8.2 percent), burglary (10.9 percent), larceny (11.9 percent), drunkenness (6.3 percent), and narcotic drug offenses (7.3 percent); these offenses represented 60.4 percent of all county commitments. Footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Inmate statistics; Jail statistics; Pennsylvania; Trend analysis
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