skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 77626 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Supported Work on Ex-offenders
Author(s): I Piliavin; R Gartner
Corporate Author: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc
United States of America

University of Wisconsin, Madison
Institute for Research on Poverty
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 231
Sponsoring Agency: Ford Foundation
New York, NY 10017
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC)
New York, NY 10016-4326
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc
Princeton, NJ 08540
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Madison, WI 53706
US Dept of Commerce
Washington, DC 20230
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Washington, DC 20201
US Dept of Housing and Urban Development
Washington, DC 20410-3000
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Labor
Washington, DC 20212
Grant Number: 33-36-76-01
Contract Number: 30-36-75-01; 30-34-75-02
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC)
16 East 34 Street, 19th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4326
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents study findings on the impact of the National Supported Work Demonstration program on adult criminal offenders using the criteria of employment and training experiences, arrests, drug use, and unearned income.
Abstract: The initial sample totaled more than 2,300 persons from 7 U.S. cities. Approximately half were randomly assigned as experimentals; the remainder were assigned to be controls. The sample design called for the followup of all sample members for a minimum of 18 months after their enrollment; 68 percent were assigned 27-month followup interviews, while 22 percent were assigned 36-month followup interviews. Participants in the program could earn entry level wages as well as bonuses for good performance and attendance; at the end of a fixed period they were required to leave the program whether or not they had obtained a regular job. Supported work is primarily distinguished from other employment and training programs by its emphasis on the following techniques: group support, graduated stress, and close supervision. Key findings showed an initially strong, positive effect of program participation on ex-offenders' employment, but after 12 months of followup, the experimental-control differential in hours worked per month was virtually nonexistent. There was some evidence that supported work may have led to reductions in drug use, but the favorable findings were concentrated in the early months after enrollment and among the earliest enrollees who were followed for 3 years. There was no evidence of a short-term or long-term effect on criminal activity and no overall indication that the probabilities of arrest and drug use were associated with employment outside of supported work. Some positive effects were observed for older participants, those who received welfare or food stamps in the month prior to their enrollment, and those who were early enrollees in the supported work program. The study concluded that those who are older and have families may be more prepared to take advantage of the opportunities that supported work provides. Footnotes and 40 tables are given. Five appendixes provide supplementary tables, study methodology, and assessment of the effects of the length of time spent in supported work on program impacts, employment trends among controls, and approximately 50 references.
Index Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Drug abuse; Estimated crime incidence; Evaluation; Ex-offender employment; Offender statistics
Note: Volume two of the final report on the supported work evaluation.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.