skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 77659 Find in a Library
Title: Adversaries - Summation
Corporate Author: Michigan Media
United States of America
Date Published: 1967
Sponsoring Agency: Institute of Continuing Legal Education
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Michigan Media
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Roscoe Pound-American Trial Lawyers Foundation
Washington, DC 20007
Format: Film
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Part of a series of training demonstrations by practicing trial lawyers and law enforcement officers in a criminal prosecution, this film shows the summation of evidence in the closing phases of a case involving a robbery/murder.
Abstract: Following a motion for a directed verdict of not guilty based on accidental homicide, the defense attorney explains the purpose of a summation of evidence, the meaning of the concept of reasonable doubt, the roles of the defense counsel and expert witnesses, and the fact that the verdict is final. In addition, the defense attorney contends that the defendant, who is charged with robbery and murder at the Big Ten Party Store and Beverage House at Ann Arbor, Mich., could not have anticipated that gagging the proprietor would result in death. The prosecuting attorney emphasizes the brutality of the crime and asks the jury to return a verdict of murder in the first degree. Following the judge's instructions to the jury concerning the presumption of innocence on the part of the accused, the meaning of the concept of reasonable doubt, and the necessity of a unanimous verdict, the jury returns the verdict that the defendant is guilty of robbery and murder in the second degree. The judge sets the date for sentencing, and the defense attorney makes a motion to challenge the second-degree murder verdict on the grounds that the evidence supported a verdict of accidental homicide. For other films in this series, see NCJ 77644-58.
Index Term(s): Audiovisual aids; Jury instructions; Michigan; Trial procedures; Verdicts
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. This is a 16 mm, black and white film. The running time is 35 minutes.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.