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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77694 Find in a Library
Title: Unlocking America - Commercial Union's Keys to Community Crime Prevention, Volume 2
Author(s): G Bennett
Corporate Author: Commercial Union Insurance Cos
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 161
Sponsoring Agency: Commercial Union Insurance Cos
Boston, MA 02108
Sale Source: Commercial Union Insurance Cos
1 Beacon Street
Boston, MA 02108
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This community crime prevention manual provides background information for selecting a crime prevention target, describes various approaches to crime prevention (e.g., target hardening, architectural design), and outlines steps for assembling a crime prevention program, using the information presented.
Abstract: In examining the three targets for crime prevention -- crimes, people, and locations -- the text defines crime and crime rates, discusses crime statistics and crime costs, portrays typical victims and criminals, and describes the different types of crime (personal, property, white-collar, victimless, organized, and political crime). In addition, the causes of crime according to psychosocial, economic, and biological theories are briefly mentioned. A discussion of crime prevention strategies follows, focusing on the pros and cons of target hardening (making the target less vulnerable through security surveys, property marking, etc.); environmental design; social action (neighborhood watch, lobbying/legislation, counseling programs); criminal justice improvements, such as community restitution, dispute settlement centers, and career criminal programs; education; and personal protection. A brief discussion of the pitfalls of crime prevention programs notes that communities must be objective in planning these programs and must avoid being influenced by personalities or public opinion. Finally, the text explains how communities can develop a crime prevention program. Each stage of the process is described, including the initial planning, community organization training, and public relations. Information on grantsmanship is included (with a list of some funding sources), and ways to gather facts (i.e., through free or inexpensive publications of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and LEAA) are suggested. Sample forms, several resource lists, contact agencies, illustrations of crime prevention hardware, and tabular data are provided. For volume I, which provides a general outline for designing a program, see NCJ 77629.
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Crime prevention measures; Environmental design; Information dissemination; Personal Security/Self Protection; Physical crime prevention; Program financing; Program implementation; Program planning; Public relations programs
Note: Single copy free. For more than one copy, contact publisher for price information.
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