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NCJ Number: 77714 Find in a Library
Title: Child Abuse and Externalized Aggression - Preventing a Delinquent Life Style (From Exploring the Relationship Between Child Abuse and Delinquency, P 43-51, 1979, Robert J Hunner and Yvonne Elder Walker, ed. - See NCJ-77711)
Author(s): E M Timberlake
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Allanheld, Osmun and Co Publishers, Inc
Montclair, NJ 07042
Sale Source: Allanheld, Osmun and Co Publishers, Inc
6 South Fullerton Avenue
Montclair, NJ 07042
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The results of a study of the behavioral effects of child abuse and neglect are presented, and treatment principles for preventing a delinquent lifestyle under foster care are suggested.
Abstract: Viewing the overt aggressive behavior of delinquent acts as imitative learned behavior and as escape from painful affect, the researcher hypothesized that child victims of physical abuse would develop a lifestyle with more overt expression of aggression than would child victims of neglect. The sample consisted of 56 physically abused and 56 neglected first grade children in the foster homes of 5 public and voluntary agencies. Fifty percent of the abused children and 31 percent of the neglected children had been labeled as unmanageable and placed in a second foster home. Teachers described the abused children as underachievers, truants, fighters, and rebels against authority. The neglected children were described as underachievers and hostile to authority. The results of the administration of the Childhood Social Functioning Inventory indicated that the abused children had learned to cope with life in an overtly aggressive fashion. Furthermore, interviews with social workers and foster mothers in which an affective mood scale was used suggested that most of the foster children suffered depression as a result of placement; an interrelationship between aggression and depression appeared to be present. Finally, overt aggression was found to be related to being a victim of physical abuse, affective mood depressive themes, foster home placement, repeating first grade, fantasy depressive themes, and verbal depressive themes. The six treatment principles are based on the idea that the abused child's maladaptive aggressive/depressive stance must be changed to increase social effectiveness, to enhance sense of self, and to decrease violent action. A data table and a 22-item reference list are included.
Index Term(s): Aggression; Child abuse; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile dependency and neglect; Juvenile foster homes
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