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NCJ Number: 77718 Find in a Library
Title: Child Abuse, Cross-cultural Childrearing Practices and Juvenile Delinquency - A Synthesis (From Exploring the Relationship Between Child Abuse and Delinquency, P 128-144, 1981, Robert J Hunner and Yvonne Elder Walker, ed. See NCJ-77711)
Author(s): R J Bentley
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Allanheld, Osmun and Co Publishers, Inc
Montclair, NJ 07042
Sale Source: Allanheld, Osmun and Co Publishers, Inc
6 South Fullerton Avenue
Montclair, NJ 07042
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reviews selected literature on juvenile delinquency, cross-cultural child-rearing, and child abuse; emphasizes interrelationships among these areas; and discusses implications for social research and policy formulation.
Abstract: The literature review suggests that several variables are related to juvenile delinquency: severe parental punishment and parental attitudes of rejection, punitiveness, and ambivalence. In addition, family disruption characterizes most cases of juvenile delinquency. However, various studies of self-admitted delinquent behavior all failed to associate socioeconomic status and juvenile delinquency. Further studies linked parental brutality or child abuse to both adolescent homicide and violence. Moreover, the relationship between socioeconomic status, as a cultural variable, and child-rearing remains unclear. But with some exceptions, ethnicity (both as race and as national origin) has been linked to reliable differences in child-rearing practices. New directions for research suggested include contextual studies of black adolescents and studies focusing on the whole family as the basic unit of analysis. Tables and a 63-item reference list are included. (Author abstract modified.)
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Cultural influences; Domestic relations; Juvenile delinquency factors; Literature reviews
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