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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77767 Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of Physical Fitness Programs for Police Officers
Author(s): L R Gettman; M L Pollock
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-NI-99-011
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Findings are reported from an experimental program that evaluated the effects of various exercise programs on police officers.
Abstract: Three different experiments were designed. Experiments 1 and 2 involved 29 young officers aged 22 to 35 from a relatively small suburban police department of Richardson, Texas, 3 officers from the Texas Department of Public Safety, and 130 officers from the Dallas Police Department. The third experiment involved 31 middle-aged officers aged 36 to 55 from the Dallas Police Department. The officers, who were volunteers, were required to complete various medical and physical fitness evaluations before being allowed to participate in the exercise programs. The exercise program for the young officers in experiment 1 consisted of 20 weeks of jogging. The officers exercised 3 days a week for about 45 minutes per exercise session. The first 15 minutes of the workout were devoted to various stretching and calisthenic exercises. The remaining 30 minutes were spent walking and jogging. As training progressed, participants walked less and jogged more. In addition to following the program of experiment 1, officers in experiment 2 exercised 30 minutes in a program of weight training after warmup exercises. The middle-aged officers in experiment three trained in a program of progressive jogging similar to experiment one. Findings showed that physiological changes in the young and middle-aged runners as a result of the training resulted in improved working capacity, cardiovascular function, body composition, and muscular endurance and strength. The weight training program did not affect cardiovascular function, but significantly improved treadmill running performance, body composition, strength, and muscular endurance measures. It was concluded that future physical fitness programs for police officers should include a combination of running, strength training, and motor ability development. Tabular data are provided, along with 28 references.
Index Term(s): Occupational safety and health; Physical fitness; Physical training; Police personnel; Program evaluation; Texas
Note: Presented at the 83rd Annual Conference of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, Miami, Florida, September 28, 1976.
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