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NCJ Number: 77783 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Delinquency Prevention - A Framework for Policy Development
Author(s): M Bell
Corporate Author: University of Washington
JD 45 National Ctr for the Assessment of Delinquent Behavior and Its
United States of Americ
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
US Dept of Justice
Grant Number: 77-JN-99-0017
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reviews the issues which make delinquency a difficult policy area, indicates an appropriate framework for future policy development, and discusses the importance of data collection and analysis.
Abstract: Several interrelated problems make juvenile delinquency a difficult issue for social policy, including ambiguity of definitions, (e.g., what constitutes delinquent behavior); value dilemmas (i.e., protection of the child from further harm versus protection of the community from youth crime); and resultant measurement problems. Federal policy efforts have emphasized development of an apparatus for coordinating Federal, State, and local programs. Policy debate has centered around two major issues: clarifying the definitional ambiguities, and developing and testing effective strategies for prevention, treatment, and control of delinquency. A conceptual framework is needed to organize information, test prevention strategies, and develop an agenda for further research. One potential policy tool is the Typology of Juvenile Crime Prevention Strategies, based on strategies or conceptually distinct approaches to delinquency prevention. The 11 strategies which comprise the typology include social network development, power enhancement, economic resource, and deterrence. By using this scheme to determine where programs are currently operating, an overall picture of delinquency prevention can be obtained. Such information can provide the basis for future policy decisions and resource allocation, and can clarify the relationship between strategies and their underlying assumptions. Data bases developed at the State level could be used to further effective national program implementation. The paper includes 20 references.
Index Term(s): Data collections; Evaluative research; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile justice planning; Models; Policy; Program evaluation
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