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NCJ Number: 77789 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Suggested Paradigm for Detectives Concerning Interviewing and Interrogation
Journal: Police Chief  Volume:45  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1978)  Pages:52-58
Author(s): E M Scott; G L Griffitts
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An associate professor of medical psychology and an experienced detective present suggestions for interviewing victims and informants and for interrogating suspects.
Abstract: The writers explain that an interview consists of two parts. First, the person interviewed should be given an opportunity to release emotions and to gain assurances of safety. Then, information concerning the crime is obtained. Effective interviewers avoid a 'just the facts' attitude, impatience, boredom, and the use of emotionally charged words. In addition, they do not criticize a victim, stop explanations abruptly, add their own comments on the facts, or lose control of the interview. They ask open-ended questions, avoid bias, and adapt their language and method of approach to the social class, condition, intelligence, and personality of the victim or informant. Suspect interrogation is complicated by the duty to inform suspects of their rights, by the complexities of rules and protections surrounding admissions of guilt, and by other legal aspects. A good opening to an interrogation is an impersonal, professional statement concerning the purpose of the interrogation. The interrogators should have as many facts on the case as possible before starting; and if the suspect knows they have important information, this information should be used. Also, interrogators should switch from information gathering to observational statements and be aware of the role they are assuming during an interrogation. Special suggestions are presented for handling paranoid, manipulative, and poor suspects. Sample interviews are included, and a 12-item reference list is provided.
Index Term(s): Evidence collection; Interview and interrogation; Suspect interrogation
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