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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77800 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Delinquency - Theory, Practice, and Law
Author(s): L J Siegel; J J Senna
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 548
Sponsoring Agency: West Publishing Co
St Paul, MN 55164
Sale Source: West Publishing Co
610 Opperman Drive
P.O. Box 64526
St Paul, MN 55164
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This textbook describes concepts and theories of delinquency, the juvenile justice system, and the rights and responsibilities of children under law and provides an indepth analysis of delinquency and juvenile justice by examining historical data, statistics, sociological theories, legal issues, and significant practices in juvenile justice.
Abstract: Focusing on juvenile delinquency in America, the text examines the definition of delinquency and ways of measuring the problem of delinquency (i.e., through official and unofficial measures, including self-report studies, victimization surveys, and life histories). The theoretical framework of juvenile delinquency studies is then described by examining the theories that seek to explain delinquency. These include individual theories of delinquency, social structure approaches, social process concepts, social reaction theories (e.g., labeling and conflict theory), and theories of female delinquency. A discussion of environmental influences on delinquency covers such areas as peers, the juvenile gang, schools, and family. The text then presents an overview of the juvenile justice system, describes the history and philosophy of juvenile justice, and analyzes the legal rights of juveniles who are processed by social control agencies. A discussion of the major Supreme Court decisions that set forth the constitutional requirements for juvenile proceedings precedes a review of lower court decisions throughout the juvenile process. The juvenile court structure and the issue of juvenile court jurisdiction are also examined. The text explores how children who commit crimes and status offenses are handled by police, courts, and correctional agencies. It emphasizes police discretion with juveniles, detention problems and diversion programs, and the role and functions of the attorneys and judge during juvenile trial and disposition. Additional topics include postadjudication procedures for juveniles, community treatment, and institutionalization. Finally, the rights of minors are reviewed, and the concept of a bill of rights for children is discussed. A glossary, excerpts from the U.S. Constitution, and a historical survey of children's rights are appended. A name and subject index, chapter footnotes and references, discussion questions, suggested readings, data tables, and illustrations are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Child abuse; Correctional institutions (juvenile); Judicial decisions; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile codes; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile court intake; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile detention; Juvenile processing; Juvenile status offenders; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Labeling theory; Offense classification; Rights of minors
Note: Criminal justice series.
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