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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77829 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Police-Prosecutor Relations in the United States - Executive Summary
Author(s): W F McDonald; H H Rossman; J A Cramer
Corporate Author: Georgetown University
Institute of Criminal Law and Procedure
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 53
Sponsoring Agency: Georgetown University
Washington, DC 20001
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0025
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS Publication Sales
Box 6000 Department F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report describes relations between police and prosecutors in jurisdictions with populations of more than 100,000, analyzes the main problems with those relations, and examines potential remedies.
Abstract: Data were collected primarily through interviews with 205 officers and 85 prosecutors in 16 jurisdictions. The study concluded that police often do not supply prosecutors with the amount and kind of information needed; that the relationship creates intense interpersonal animosity, interorganizational conflict, and noncooperation; and that much of the conflict results from mutual doubt and suspicion about the competence, motives, and dedication of personnel in the other agency. However, eliminating inconsistencies between police and prosecutors may not be feasible or desirable where controversial laws are involved. Police and prosecutors must attempt to select weak and low-priority cases out of the prosecution process at the earliest point, while communicating on serious (mutually agreed-upon) cases. Police training programs should afford police opportunities to learn directly from local prosecutors, while prosecutors and police should communicate to each other their special knowledge of each case and its disposition. The police role in a case should be redefined as ending with conviction rather than arrest. A bibliography is supplied. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Interagency cooperation; Police attitudes; Police discretion; Police prosecutor relations; Prosecution; Prosecutorial discretion; Prosecutorial screening; Prosecutors
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