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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77834 Find in a Library
Title: Analysis of Drugs and Crime Among Arrestees in the District of Columbia - Executive Summary
Author(s): E D Wish; K A Klumpp; A H Moorer; E Brady; K M Williams
Corporate Author: INSLAW
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 35
Sponsoring Agency: INSLAW
Washington, DC 20005
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0087
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Longitudinal and cross-sectional data on persons arrested in the District of Columbia were included in a large data base that was then used to examine the relationship between arrestee drug use and crime.
Abstract: Since December 1971, almost all arrestees who were detained in the D.C. Superior Court lockup facility prior to their court appearance were asked to give information about their use of drugs, prior drug treatment, and current arrest charge, and to provide a urine specimen for analysis. The data base's cross-sectional files contained 57,944 cases for the period from 1973 through 1977. The longitudinal file contained arrest records for 7,087 persons from 1973 through 1978. The urinalysis tests could detect nine substances: amphetamines, methamphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, methadone, morphine, codeine, quinine, and phenmetrazine. Analysis of the data indicated the following information. Female arrestees and arrestees between 21 and 30 were the most likely to have positive drug tests. Arrestees charged with crimes against persons were least likely to be found using using drugs. Drug-positive arrestees who were accepted for prosecution were less likely than drug-negative arrestees to be released on personal recognizance and more likely to be released to the custody of a third party or to post bond. The report indicates that urinalysis programs provide information useful for the pretrial release decision, since drug users were more likely to violate bail conditions. Additional recommendations, four references, and three attachments are provided. For the full report see NCJ 77835.
Index Term(s): Crime data files; District of Columbia; Drug testing; Urinalysis
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