skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 77842 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Footwear Identification
Author(s): M J Cassidy
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 182
Sponsoring Agency: Canadian Government Publishing Ctr Supply and Services Canada
Hull, Quebec K1A 0S9, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Canadian Government Publishing Ctr Supply and Services Canada
Hull, Quebec K1A 0S9,
Canada
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: Footwear evidence and identification is described within the context of criminal investigation. Guidelines are given for reproducing footwear impressions, identifying footwear evidence, and presenting such evidence in court.
Abstract: The book begins with a brief overview of crime scene investigation procedures and then presents detailed steps for reproducing footwear impressions which are particular to the type of surface on which the impressions lie. Three-dimensional impressions, found in mud, clay, snow, and similar surfaces, call for casts. Instructions are given for dental stone, sulphur, paraffin wax, and silicone rubber casting. Methods are also detailed for lifting prints from two-dimensional impressions (made on floors, doors, glass, etc.), including photography, carbon paper lift, iodine fuming, silver nitrate process, and the static electricity lift. In addition, the book examines footwear manufacturing and materials, explaining that an understanding of these processes is basic to footwear identification. Next, class characteristics of footwear (size, shape, style, and pattern design) and accidental characteristics (cuts, tears, nail patterns, and other marks in soles and heels) are examined in relation to the impression as evidence in a criminal trial. Uses of footwear impressions in determining the possible age, sex, height, and weight of suspects are considered, and the ways in which a suspect's shoes can be obtained for evidence and linked to footwear impressions and to suspects are discussed. Finally, the book describes the footwear specialist's role in court, effective ways of presenting footwear evidence, and special aids for augmenting the specialist's testimony. Appendixes contain lists of materials needed for different types of casting and photographs illustrating identification possibilities in footwear impressions. A bibliography of about 45 references and an index are provided.
Index Term(s): Canada; Casting techniques; Crime Scene Investigation; Criminal investigation; Expert witnesses; Forensic geology; Shoe prints and tire tracks; Suspect identification; Testimony
Note: This book sells for another price in Canada. Contact publisher.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=77842

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.