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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77844 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Summary and Critique of the Literature Pertaining to the Effects of Increased Enforcement of Traffic Laws on Improving Traffic Safety (Reducing Accidents)
Author(s): R A Raub
Corporate Author: Illinois Dept of Law Enforcement
Division of State Police
Field Operations Command
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 56
Sponsoring Agency: Illinois Dept of Law Enforcement
Springfield, IL 62706
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This review of traffic safety literature is designed to uncover those elements of traffic law enforcement that have led to improvements in traffic safety, generally as measured by fewer accidents.
Abstract: Particular emphasis is placed on specific projects in which the police have increased their enforcement and the changes have been measured and reported. Most of the studies were completed in the 1970's. Research covering the increased enforcement of traffic laws and subsequent reduction in accidents is reviewed, followed by a brief discussion of literature covering the enforcement of laws prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol. Remaining sections describe the effects of increased enforcement and fewer traffic violations and include cost-benefit analyses. The projects include 18 State/city listings as well as several foreign countries, such as Denmark, Great Britain, New Zealand, and Canada. The critique notes that the major shortcoming with the experiments has been the lack of any clear causal link between increased traffic law enforcement and reduced accidents. Even studies which have established a link have failed to identify exactly which factors resulted in a reduction. However, it seems clear that an increase in the number of officers on traffic patrol at times and locations noted for a high frequency of accidents does result in fewer accidents. A bibliography of about 125 references is included.
Index Term(s): California; Canada; Cost/Benefit Analysis; Denmark; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Florida; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Illinois; Literature reviews; Michigan; Minnesota; New Zealand; North Dakota; Texas; Traffic accidents; Traffic law enforcement; Washington; Wisconsin
Note: Revised version.
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