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NCJ Number: 77865 Find in a Library
Title: Eyewitness Identification by Elderly and Young Adults
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:4  Issue:4  Dated:special issue (1980)  Pages:359-371
Author(s): A D Yarmey; J Kent
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The accuracy of the elderly relative to young adults as witnesses to a simulated crime was tested with measurements of verbal recall and facial recognition.
Abstract: Twenty subjects each of groups of elderly men, elderly women, young males, and young females observed a simulated assault and theft of a wallet by a male assailant on a male victim. Two other people were also present in the criminal scenario: a female friend of the victim and a female witness-bystander. Young subject-witnesses were significantly superior to the elderly in verbal recall of details of the criminal episode. However, no reliable differences were found between the two age categories in recognition of the assailant, the victim, or friend. Women were superior to men and young people were superior to the elderly in identifying the bystander. Identification of the assailant was influenced by complex interactions of guilty or innocent facial appearances of the assailant and the victim, as well as the sex and age of the witnesses. Notes and 21 references are given. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Age group comparisons; Behavioral science research; Suspect identification; Witnesses
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