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NCJ Number: 77866 Find in a Library
Title: Voice Identification by Human Listeners - On Earwitness Reliability
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:4  Issue:4  Dated:special issue (1980)  Pages:373-394
Author(s): B R Clifford
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London, SW1H 9AT, England
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from a 4-year research program were used to elucidate, support, and contradict published work on voice identification by human listeners, with conclusions that the caution and suspicion accorded to visual identification must be extended to voice identification.
Abstract: Common opinions about voice memory and recognition are reviewed, while early studies into such identification are outlined. Data from a 4-year government and institutional grant research program were then used to classify and evaluate existing research in seven different areas of voice identification. The first involved studies into the nature and quality of the speech sample heard. Secondly, consideration was given to research on the effect of disguise upon voice identification. Attention was then turned to studies into identification of incidentally and intentionally memorized voices, work on the effect of delay upon voice identification was examined, followed by studies into possible training effects in voice identification. The last two areas of research discussed are studies into the effect of age of witness upon voice identification and studies into the relationship between witness accuracy and confidence. Conclusions look to the prognosis concerning the reliability of voice identification, with particular emphasis placed on the need for caution in using such evidence. A table, 14 notes, and 69 references are supplied. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Accountability; Comparative analysis; Suspect identification; Voice identification; Witnesses
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