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NCJ Number: 77888 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Ethical Issues for Psychologists in the Juvenile Justice System - Know and Tell (From Who Is the Client, P 93-125, 1980, John Monahan, ed. - See NCJ-77884)
Author(s): J Rappaport; J T Lamiell; E Seidman
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: MH 22336-4
Sale Source: American Psychological Assoc
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper discusses constraints on the ability to conceptualize problems and to act and resulting ethical dilemmas experienced by psychologists working for the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: In the juvenile justice sytem, psychologists are expected to predict which defendants are dangerous and which will be delinquent in the future (the assessment function) and to reform offenders (the treatment function). Ethical problems are compounded by the great deal of discretion permitted to criminal justice system officials. Constraints on thinking and acting encountered by psychologists can be divided into three categories: (1) dominant societal values such as the premise that the individual juvenile is not only the culprit but also the proper focus of change, (2) officialdom, or the influence of funding agencies on the type and formulation of research problems, and (3) paradigm constraints or unconscious acceptance by social scientists of popular structures of reasoning (e.g., a traditional 'cause and effect' model). Some of the things psychologists should do to overcome the constraints include recognition that their work always requires them to take value stands and taking them into account, rejection of entrenched paradigms, and open acknowledgement of limits on their competence. Tabular data, notes, and over 100 references are included.
Index Term(s): Juvenile justice system; Professional conduct and ethics; Psychologists
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