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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77898 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Synthesis of Research Affecting Police Administration
Author(s): R I Macfarlane; A S Morris
Corporate Author: Public Admin Service
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 410
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Public Admin Service
Mclean, VA 22102
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 80-NI-AX-0002
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF|PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report is a critical analysis of published research on police management, administration, and organization, with a supplemental analysis of research published in other managerial and social science disciplines.
Abstract: The synthesis includes an analysis of the content and methodologies of research in policing and the transfer of research findings from other disciplines to police organization and management. The goals of the study were the development of a research agenda for future research on police administration and the identification of the status of police management, administration, and organization. A total of 485 empirical research studies were reviewed as the data base for this synthesis. A conceptual framework consisting of 40 variables examining managerial, administrative, and organizational issues was used as an analytical tool in synthesizing these studies. The variables are arranged and incorporated into six separate cluster areas under study: environment and organizational autonomy, complexity of goal and task structure, internal structural differentiation, organizational coordination and control, informal organizational structures, and organizational achievement. The synthesis shows that much existing research in policing has followed definite patterns and has tended to focus on the role, personality, and activities performed by the individual police officer, as well as on the administrative process of hiring, training, and supervising the individual officer. Less research has been done on the police management and organizational structure, the roles of individual actors in the police organization, the internal decisionmaking process of the organization, and the organizational relationships between the police and other government agencies. The report also demonstrates that much research in policing has been exploratory in design and often includes only qualitative or descriptive analyses. Footnotes, numberous tables and illustrations, and over 500 references are furnished.
Index Term(s): Critiques; Police management; Police organizational structure; Research; Research design; Research methods
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