skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 78016 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Structure of Education and Police Careers in Europe and America
Author(s): P J Stead
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Police recruitment and training in England and France are described, and the relevance of these experiences to problems in the United States is discussed.
Abstract: Training policies in England are influenced by the practice of appointing all chief officers from the ranks. The commissioner or chief constable of each of the 43 police forces in England and Wales is responsible for recruiting and managing all employees, although the Government does provide certain training facilities. Recruitment criteria which emphasize character, commonsense, and physical attributes rather than education are outlined, as are promotion examinations and specialist training. A detailed review of the Command Course which all officers reaching the rank of superintendent are expected to attend covers the curriculum and objectives. A scholarship program permits officers who have shown the right potential for police and academic work during intermediate training courses to take university degrees in subjects of their own choice. Promotion to the highest levels does not depend on examination but appointment. The French police are a wholly nationalized system composed of the national police and the civil police. The five levels at which the national police may be entered are idenified. Competitive examinations are required and persons applying for the highest rank must also have a university degree. Training programs for officers, inspectors, and others are detailed. The higher training programs in France must cope with the direct entrant and the serving officer, while the English system deals with individuals who have proved their abilities in the field. Other comparisons consider the grading methods and in - service training programs. The French system of lateral entry from the outside has resulted in a higher level of education than can be found in the English police, although the situation appears to be changing in England. Opportunities for police to obtain college degrees are much greater in the United States than in England or France. However, the centralized command training and executive development programs in Europe are excellent and should be considered for the United States. The paper includes eight footnotes.
Index Term(s): Career development; Comparative analysis; England; Foreign police; Foreign police training; France; Police education; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.