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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78133 Find in a Library
Title: No Place To Rest His Head
Author(s): O NewmanNewman O
Corporate Author: Institute for Community Design Analysis
United States of America
Project Director: O Newman
Date Published: Unknown
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Community Design Analysis
New York, NY 10003
US Dept of Housing and Urban Development
Washington, DC 20410
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Format: Film
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Oscar Newman, author of 'Defensible Space,' developed this film which examines the physical and social aspects of different housing types in an effort to determine why certain housing projects fail and others succeed and to suggest new housing policies.
Abstract: The film discusses how the U.S. population has shifted since 1700 when the population trebled in size. By 1970, 69 percent of the population lived in the cities, with low-income people situated in the inner cities and the middle class in the suburbs. Although the trend was to build high rise buildings in the high-density areas for low and moderate-income people, these buildings increased the anonymity of the residents and were vulnerable to crime. An examination of two housing projects in New York City illustrates those factors which work to destroy a housing project: high rise development which prevents parents from monitoring their children playing outside, stairwells hidden from view, and high density development which works against the family atmosphere apparent in a building constructed to house fewer families. The characteristics of single-family dwellings, walkups, and housing projects are detailed to illustrate those building characteristics which are best suited to particular groups. For instance, high rise buildings which lack yards and intimacy are suitable for high income groups but inadequate for families requiring play areas for children and a family atmosphere. However, high rise buildings with doormen are appropriate for the elderly who are concerned with security but present no crime problem. If grouped together in such buildings, the elderly can maintain communal meals and activities as well as nursing services. The final sequence of the film describes a housing project in Newark, N.J., which incorporates many of the film's ideas. Elderly residents of the project live in a single high rise building and are assigned a common ground unit; families with children reside in row houses or walkups and have individual ground units.
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Multifamily housing; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Older Adults (65+); Residential security; Space management
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. This is a three reel, color film. The total running time is 1.5 hours.
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