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NCJ Number: 78184 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Socialization of Adolescents Into Juvenile Delinquency
Journal: Adolescence  Volume:16  Issue:62  Dated:(Summer 1981)  Pages:321-330
Author(s): E Zober
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of various theories of adolescence and juvenile delinquency concludes that viewing delinquency as the result of a socialization process provides an incentive to look for ways to intervene in this process.
Abstract: The period of adolescence viewed differently by writers who accept the stage theory of development and by the social learning theorists. For most writers, the positive task of adolescence is the assumption of adulthood. Adolescents must achieve some new sense of themselves as adults. One approach to the definition of adolescents as juvenile delinquents is the process of labeling. Society labels persons who are different, forcing them to live within restricted parameters. Persons are aware of their own limitations and are participants in the acceptance of the label of society. They note what society expects of them and accept their new status. Another perspective on the development of juvenile delinquency holds that youths who become delinquent tend to experience or perceive blocking of access to desirable roles. Sensing their lack of access, they do not develop a sense of their value to society. Both the labeling approach and social learning theories can provide leads to understanding why some youths become juvenile delinquents. Attention must also be given to internal psychological strain, feelings of inadequacy, fear, and personal disability of adolescents, and research must be continued. Seventeen references are provided.
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency theory; Labeling theory; Social psychology; Socialization
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