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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78253 Find in a Library
Title: Designing Out Crime
Corporate Author: Great Britain Home Office
Research and Planning Unit
United Kingdom
Editor(s): R V G Clarke; P Mayhew
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 186
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London. SW1H 9AT, England
Pendragon House, Inc
Campbell, CA 95008
Sale Source: Pendragon House, Inc
2898 Joseph Avenue
Campbell, CA 95008
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This collection of research studies focuses on crime prevention measures that are directed at highly specific forms of crime and that involve the management, design, or manipulation of the immediate environment in which these crimes occur.
Abstract: Conducted between 1976-80, the studies examine the impact of introducing steering column locks for cars manufactured after 1970 on car theft in Greater London; explore the effects of surveillance by bus crews on bus vandalism; and test Oscar Newman's defensible space hypothesis in relation to two London housing projects. In addition, the effects of 'natural surveillance' on telephone kiosk vandalism in a London borough are assessed, and the experimental introduction of closed-circuit television stations in the London Underground to reduce theft and robbery is evaluated. Other studies examine the effects of a police publicity campaign in Plymouth, England, to persuade owners to lock their cars, a Home Office auto crime publicity campaign conducted in the north of England in 1979, and a Home Office antivandalism publicity campaign conducted in Northwest England in 1978. Progress is reported on a project conducted by the Crime Policy Planning Unit of the Home Office which focuses on the vandalism in Manchester schools, agreed solutions, and some early implementation problems. Footnotes, graphs, and tabular data are given. A subject and author index, list of publications, and about 140 references are appended. For individual papers see NCJ 78254-58. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Closed circuit television (CCTV); Crime Causes; Crime Control Programs; Crime displacement; Crime prevention measures; Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) programs; Crime specific countermeasures; England; Environmental design; Motor Vehicle Theft; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Police crime-prevention; Urban planning; Vandalism
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Studies collected in this book were first published in the Home Office Research Studies series.
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