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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78330 Find in a Library
Title: Evidence Exhibits in White-collar Crime Cases
Journal: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin  Volume:50  Issue:7  Dated:(July 1981)  Pages:1-5
Author(s): J R Kleberg; C A Shaffer
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explains the importance of and describes the steps in developing a visual exhibit in the presentation of evidence to a jury in white-collar crime cases.
Abstract: Successful investigation of many white-collar crimes or crimes which involve complex frauds often require an understanding of complex relationships between people and between organizations, as well as of detailed documentary evidence. It is difficult not only for investigators to comprehend and organize this information but also for the judge, jury, and prosecutor to assimilate these detailed data. Therefore, the investigator must be able to put such information into a meaningful form for use by other functionaries in the criminal justice system. A visual aid which clearly demonstrates the points to be made in the presentation of evidence is helpful. Three major steps are involved in developing exhibits: (1) conceptualize the exhibit, (2) test the conceptualization as it will appear in final exhibit form, and (3) prepare the exhibit in such a manner that it will accomplish the objective identified in the conceptualization process. Materials that contain color or are photographic representations of original items of documentary evidence should be selected. In deciding what items are to be used, the investigator must first determine what issue, what relationship, or what piece of documentary evidence is to be brought to the attention of the court or jury via the exhibit. Technical details of making the exhibit are discussed. The article notes that total cost for such a display should be less than $40, with about 4 hours of labor involved. A few photographs are included.
Index Term(s): Evidence; Fraud; Trial preparation; Visual communications; White collar crime
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