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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78350 Find in a Library
Title: Speedy Trials and Pretrial Crime in Wisconsin - Preliminary Report
Author(s): S W Grohman; W Rankin
Corporate Author: New York City Dept of Investigation
Corruption Analysis and Prevention Bureau
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
New York City Dept of Investigation
New York, NY 10038
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Intended to answer basic questions regarding two problems facing the criminal justice system in Wisconsin -- case processing delay and pretrial crime -- this study examines the relationship of several offense and case processing factors to these two problems and examines the relationship of the problems to each other.
Abstract: Data were first collected from a representative sample of all felony cases disposed in 1979 and reported to the Wisconsin Court Information System; data were then collected on all new felony and misdemeanor offenses committed by defendants in the original sample. The report describes characteristics of the original 502 cases studied, focusing on charges filed, characteristics and predisposition release status of defendants, and case processing time. It then examines the frequency and type of new felony offenses committed by defendants in the sample prior to disposition of their original charges. Data indicate that most defendants were young, male, and white. A total of 78 percent of defendants were released prior to the disposition of their cases, although 22.8 percent of those released spent some time in custody. The original cases were disposed within about 127 days of their initial court appearance, with 91 days as the median time to disposition. Defendants in 23 of the 502 original cases were arrested for 25 predisposition felony offenses. Of the 25 new offenses, the major charge in 20 cases was a property crime. Despite the fact that most new felonies occurred relatively early in the processing of the original case, such original cases took substantially longer to process than others in the sample. This suggests that early new offenses may prolong a pending felony case. Footnotes and tables are included.
Index Term(s): Caseload management; Court case flow management; Court delays; Evaluation; Felony; Habitual offenders; Pretrial procedures; Wisconsin
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