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NCJ Number: 78356 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Children of the State - Institutionalized Child Abuse and the American Legal Process, An Historical Perspective
Author(s): B L Watkins; N R Hiner
Corporate Author: University of Kansas
School of Education
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 538
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
University of Kansas
Lawrence, KS 66045
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 79-NI-AX-0044
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This dissertation reviews the historical development of society's response to the problems of dependent, neglected, and/or delinquent children and focuses on the role of law in the creation of child care institutions. The document places emphasis on residential institutions for dependent and delinquent children, factories using child labor, and public schools.
Abstract: The study traces the origins of these institutions and follows their development into the 20th century. Although concentrating on the 19th century, the study does discuss relevant events in both the colonial period and the 20th century. Ways in which the legal system has defined society's powers over children's lives in the 19th and 20th centuries are described, and the effects of this power are discussed. The dissertation illuminates how 19th century legal developments promoted institutional abuse in the creation of child care institutions and in the structuring of child labor legislation, case law regarding corporal punishment in public schools, and in formulating and sustaining institutional policies and practices. In addition, the study examines effects of indeterminate sentencing, differentiation between status offenders and juveniles charged with criminal acts, due process considerations, creation of detention centers, and removal of children from adult facilities. Finally, the study probes the public's attitudes and events that set in motion the process of institutionalizing children on a large scale. Questions of what constituted institutional abuse and neglect in the 19th century, how these definitions changed over time, and what concerns motivated lawmakers as they struggled with the problems of institutionalizing children are considered. Chapter notes and a bibliography of over 600 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child custody; Foster homes; Juvenile codes; Juvenile detention; Residential child care institutions
Note: This document consists of volumes one and two. University of Kansas - Doctoral dissertation.
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