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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78358 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Lancaster County (NE) Pre-trial Diversion Program - An Assessment of Recidivism, System Impact, and Cost Effectiveness for 1978 Felony Diversions
Corporate Author: Lancaster Cty Pre-Trial Diversion Program
United States of America
Project Director: E A McMasters
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 138
Sponsoring Agency: Lancaster Cty Pre-Trial Diversion Program
Lincoln, NE 68502
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report evaluates the effectiveness of the Lancaster County Pretrial Diversion Program (Nebraska), which provides a method whereby eligible, nondangerous individuals accused of nonviolent offenses may voluntarily earn the dismissal of these charges with a positive contribution to the community.
Abstract: It describes the program's components, provides a selected overview of the evaluation literature in the field, and explains in detail the rationale for the research design selected for the study. To examine whether the program was effective in reducing the number of new crimes compared to the handling of similar offenders by traditional methods, the analysts created a comparison group of 250 persons charged with felony crimes which was matched with 250 program participants. After 24 months at risk for each group, the program group experienced a 38.8 percent rearrest rate compared to 44.8 percent of the comparison group. However, by estimating likely outcomes for program participants diverted in 1978, it was determined that the program's impact on the prison system would be minimal. Thus, the program has a positive effect on participants' future crime, although the results are tempered by the relatively few cases diverted, given the total number of felony prosecutions within the jurisdiction. Overall, the program has the potential to achieve a favorable cost-benefit ratio, provided that it continues to be used more fully as an alternative to the system. A description of the program and of criminal procedure for felony complaints and other information are appended. Tables and 12 references are included.
Index Term(s): Community service order; Cost effectiveness analysis; Evaluation; Nebraska; Pretrial intervention; Pretrial procedures; Program evaluation; Recidivism; Victimless crimes
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=78358

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