skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 78385 Find in a Library
Title: Factor Analytic Study of the Demographic Characteristics of Incarcerated Male and Female Juvenile Offenders
Journal: Journal of Clinical Psychology  Volume:37  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1981)  Pages:426-429
Author(s): R V Heckel; E Mandell
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A factor analytic study was conducted using 259 male and female juvenile offenders in a southern correctional facility to identify clusters of demographic and behavioral variables associated with various types of offenders.
Abstract: The subjects included 101 black and 71 white male offenders and 51 black and 36 white female offenders. Most of the females were between ages 11 and 15, while most of the males were between ages 16 and 18. Delinquency and property crimes accounted for most of the males' offenses, while delinquency accounted for most of the females' offenses. Offenders came from mainly lower class backgrounds. Subjects were interviewed individually by a team of 4 interviewers, who used a standardized data collection form that consisted of 99 structured categories. Information was obtained on such subjects as significant interpersonal relationships, educational history, personal preferences for leisure activities, views on the handling of money, and type of parental discipline. Relevant data from the offenders' files were obtained with permission, and covered such areas as the reason for the present incarceration and offense slips. A total of 48 demographic and behavioral variables were scalable and were used in a correlation matrix and factor analysis. Ten identifiable factors, or clusters of variables, were identified for females and six were identified for males. For females, factor one described the expressive offender, who is characterized by rationality, intelligence, and socially active behaviors. Factor two, the neurotic offender, was characterized by emotionality, nervousness, and tension. Other female factors were the advantaged offender; the white middle class offender; the overindulged, only child offender; the bright, low-income offender; the emotionally disturbed offender; the counterdependent offender; the crowd-pleasing delinquent; and the unloved, family-conflicted offender. The factors for males included the expressive offender; the neurotic offender; the advantaged offender; the bright, habitual offender; the offender from a broken home; and the entrepreneurial offender. Two tables and a reference are provided.
Index Term(s): Female juvenile delinquents; Male female offender comparisons; Male juvenile delinquents; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Personality; Psychological evaluation; Psychological research
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.