skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 78411 Find in a Library
Title: Punishment - An Examination of Prisoners' and Nonprisoners' Attitudes Toward Penal Sanctions
Author(s): T J Juliani
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 138
Sponsoring Agency: Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America

Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study attempts to determine whether prisoners' attitudes toward legal forms of punishment are substantially different from the attitudes expressed by nonprisoners and whether severity of punishment is affected by the punisher's level of identification with the criminal.
Abstract: A total of 632 prisoners from a variety of penal institutions and 591 undergraduate college students were administered the measuring instrument. Prisoners expressed a strong consensus as to appropriate levels of penal sanctions for convicted criminals but differed from nonprisoners' attitudes toward sentencing, except in such cases as incest. This finding of nonagreement between prisoners and nonprisoners is not inconsistent with the premises of equity theory upon which this study is based. When the theory suggests that individuals accept a code of fairness and justice, it is not implied that everyone internalizes standards of fairness and justice, the extent of this internalization process is unknown. To reconcile the discrepancy between prisoners and nonprisoners, modification of prisoners' or nonprisoners' views is suggested. However, it may be more realistic to accept these differences and to proceed in the area of correctional reform. In addition, if the public's empathy with prisoners is not a factor in the selection of penal sanctions, as the study implied, more credence should be attributed to attitude studies and opinion polls indicating a punitive trend. Data tables and about 200 references are included. The study instrument is appended.
Index Term(s): Equity; Inmate attitudes; Penalty severity rating; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Punishment
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Florida State University - doctoral dissertation.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.