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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78414 Find in a Library
Title: Some Trends in Juvenile Delinquency in Canada, 1958-1973
Author(s): P S Maxim
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 243
Sponsoring Agency: Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America

Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines the meaning of the concept of 'delinquency,' its historical antecedents, its accurate measurement, and professional opinion concerning the nature and extent of the problem in Canada between 1958 and 1973.
Abstract: It looks at trends in the overall juvenile crime rate and what possible influence fluctuations in the total juvenile population and age structure might have had on those trends. Also, cohort parameters are analyzed in order to determine what effect possible changes in the 'innate criminal potential' of successive generations of juveniles might have on the juvenile delinquency rate. Finally, trends in juvenile court dispositions are examined to see whether any systematic fluctuations in court dispositions have occurred. The study defined delinquent behavior as that which actually led to a juvenile's appearance in juvenile court. The juvenile court itself was the primary data source for this analysis. The study found that both the absolute number of juvenile offenses as well as the rate of offenses increased dramatically during the period studied. However, about 30-50 percent of this increase can be attributed to age structure and population fluctuations for the period of 1960-73. In addition, increases in the juvenile crime rate are much more a result of environmental factors than changes in any innate criminogenic potential in subsequent generations of juveniles. Moreover, the yearly fluctuations in court dispositions do not appear to indicate any long-term trends. Data tables, graphs, diagrams, and footnotes are included. Appendixes list study variables and their values, an index, and about 150 references.
Index Term(s): Canada; Crime Rate; Juvenile court trends; Juvenile courts; Juvenile delinquency theory; Research methods; Trend analysis
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. University of Pennsylvania - doctoral dissertation.
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