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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78463 Find in a Library
Title: Issues and Concerns in Community-based Corrections - The Philippine Experience
Author(s): C C Yangco
Corporate Author: Philippines Ministry of Social Services and Development
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Philippines Ministry of Social Services and Development
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Philippines
Annotation: This paper examines the juvenile justice system in the Philippines, with particular attention to factors which hamper the development of community-based correctional efforts to rehabilitate youthful offenders.
Abstract: Government and private agencies in the Philippines who work with juvenile offenders believe that releasing a youth to parents or a responsible person in the community is still the most effective approach. However, certain problems within the juvenile justice system sometimes inhibit these programs. Planning activities have not been coordinated among the various components of the system. For example, a Presidential decree lowered the age limits for youthful offenders from 21 to 18, but no special treatment programs for this age group were created and they were placed in adult prisons. Statistics on juvenile crime are incomplete and do not follow a uniform reporting format. The police tend to be punitive in handling young offenders and need special training. They also hamper diversion by social service workers by ignoring a law that requires law enforcement officers to take a youthful offender to a medical officer for a physical and mental examination immediately following an arrest. Prosecutors prevent diversion to community programs by advising minors to plead guilty so that cases are expedited and they receive suspended sentences. Many judges ignore the juvenile codes and try youths in the same manner as adults. The slow disposition of cases often results in prolonged detention for minors and prohibits intervention at an early stage. Because the family and the community must play a major role in rehabilitating juvenile offenders, treatment programs have focused on establishing harmonious relationships among family members and educating the community about delinquency prevention.
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile processing; Philippines
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