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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78481 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: National Assessment of Adult Restitution Programs - Executive Summary
Corporate Author: University of Minnesota
School of Social Development
United States of America
Project Director: B Galaway; J Hudson
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 78
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Minnesota
Duluth, MN 55812
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0110
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report summarizes the results of the national assessment of adult restitution programs, a study designed to provide a state-of-the-art summary as well as program models for the use of monetary restitution and community service restitution as sanctions for adult offenders.
Abstract: The study tasks included a review of the restitution literature, identification of currently operating programs, and a telephone survey of current programs. Other tasks included an intensive study of 20 selected projects, development of composite models of a monetary restitution project and a community service restitution project, and a survey of offenders and victims. Results showed that community service projects can be grouped into two basic categories. Programs which primarily serve felons regard community service as less important than the other sanctions, while projects serving mostly misdemeanants impose community service as an alternative to other sanctions. Among program and research needs are clarification of the penal purpose to be served by community service, studies of program costs, clearer definitions of the actual offender population served, and pilot projects to determine if programs being developed for misdemeanants could also be used for felons. Study of 13 projects involving monetary restitution components indicated such needs as systematic data collection on measures of restitution activities and the presumed outputs of each activity in order to develop clear understandings of program operations in relation to conceptual models. Other questions requiring further research include the extent to which victims and offenders perceive sanctions as fair and appropriate and public attitudes toward monetary restitution and community service sanctions. Tables, figures, and a bibliography listing about 400 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community service order; Restitution; Restitution programs; Victim compensation
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