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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78498 Find in a Library
Title: Striking a Balance in Corrections (From Prisoners' Rights Sourcebook, P 485-488, 1980, Ira P Robbins, ed. - See NCJ-78483)
Author(s): N Carlson
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd
New York, NY 10014
Sale Source: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd
435 Hudson Street
New York, NY 10014
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter from a sourcebook on prisoners' rights discusses the concept of balance in corrections, a reconciliation of the punitive and medical model approaches to penology.
Abstract: Within the past decade, the field of corrections has moved from one extreme, the punitive approach, to the other, commonly referred to as the medical model. Today, the pendulum is moving closer to the middle of this continuum. It is recognized that offenders are sentenced by the courts for several reasons, including punishment, incapacitation, deterrence, and opportunity to change behavior patterns. It is acknowledged that little is known concerning the causes of crime and how to cure offenders. A lack of balance has caused many of the problems in the corrections field, particularly concerning probation, parole, and institutional programs. Nevertheless, significant progress has been made; the majority of offenders today are on parole, probation, and in halfway houses, and more offenders have been moved from institutions to community programs. To achieve greater balance, programs must be developed that span the continuum from unsupervised probation for the minor first offender to maximum security institutions for the violent dangerous criminal. No one program can be the ultimate solution to the problems of crime and delinquency. The final responsibility to change rests with each individual.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Corrections effectiveness; Custody vs treatment conflict; Medical model of offender treatment; Penology; Prisoner's rights; Punishment; Rehabilitation
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