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NCJ Number: 78514 Find in a Library
Title: Multivariate Examination of Predictors of Viewing Television Violence, Attitudes Toward Television Violence, and Differences Among Assaultive and Non-assaultive Inmates Concerning Television Violence and Overall Media Consumption
Author(s): R E Balon
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 122
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This dissertation examines a population of inmates at short-term penal institutions concerning their television preferences, their attitudes toward society, and their own histories of antisocial behavior.
Abstract: Studying men and women who have been obviously antisocial is deemed to have a decided advantage over trying to observe or predict abnormal and aggressive behavior from groups of youngsters who have been exposed to television violence. Previous research with children is reviewed concerning effects on learning, emotional effects, and the question of catharsis in television viewing. These studies are found lacking in conclusive results, while research studies with delinquents or deviant adults have been few and highly exploratory in nature. This field survey research involved administration of a questionnaire to 185 prisoners at several Ohio detention facilities. Questions concerned the crimes and the demographic variables of the respondents; their attitudes toward television; program preference; and the Buss-Durkee hostility inventory. Analysis of the results did not indicate that mass media consumption has any relationship with assaultiveness. The best predictors of mass media consumption appeared to be the demographic variables. The study did, however, identify factors for future research. Inmates admitted that learning criminal techniques from television was a possibility and that a number of people seem to have become desensitized to television violence and hence to real life violence. Another finding of the study was that radio, newspapers, and comic book consumption were better predictors of nonviolent crime than was television. Tabular data are given. The study instrument is appended. Approximately 100 references are listed.
Index Term(s): Aggression; Violence on television
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