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NCJ Number: 78536 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Introducing Therapy Into Tegel Prison - Implications From an Evaluation Perspective
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:5  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1981)  Pages:3-10
Author(s): E H Johnson; F Duenkel
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper considers the merits of the system model of evaluation in reference to ongoing penal reform, as used by the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law which tested the impact of social therapeutic units at Tegel Prison in West Berlin, West Germany.
Abstract: The system model of evaluation is preferable to the traditional goal attainment model because it offers more promise for programmatic use of the evaluation findings, being designed to consider the operations and goals of the entire organization rather than having a narrow focus on a particular goal singled out of context. The systems model also recognizes the dynamic process of goal implementation without holding the program steady in an arbitrary way. The research at Tegel Prison compared the relative effectiveness of orthodox penal confinement and therapeutic intervention within the facility and compared the relative effectiveness of three treatment models -- the social therapy model, the school model, and the social training model. The study began in 1976 and data collection concluded in May 1978. Selected for study were 1,503 released prisoners, comprising 6 experimental groups who had completed or been enrolled in 1 of the 3 program models and four control groups without therapeutic experience. The study concluded that the establishment of the social therapeutic unit cultivated a therapeutic philosophy throughout the prison and inmates exposed to it had lower recidivism rates. The therapeutic models were found not to differ significantly in outcome when measured by reconviction rates. The evaluation proceeded on the assumption that the ultimate research product would delineate the most appropriate place and functions of the therapeutic unit within the prison as a whole, maximizing the evaluation's potential for contributing to the ultimate purpose of moving West German prisons toward the therapeutic orientation. The use of the system model made the research findings acceptable to administrators and policymakers; attention was focused on the problem to be overcome rather than on validation of a particular possible solution. Nine references are given.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Custody vs treatment conflict; Evaluation techniques; Evaluation utilization; Germany; Operations research
Note: This paper was delivered at the annual meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, in Philadelphia, PA, March, 1981.
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