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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78546 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Career Criminal Program National Evaluation - Summary Report
Author(s): E Chelimsky; J Dahmann
Corporate Author: Mitre Corporation
Washington Operations
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 73
Sponsoring Agency: Mitre Corporation
Mclean, VA 22101
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-NI-99-0092
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper is a summary report of a national evaluation of the Career Criminal Program (CCP), an LEAA-funded effort which provides resources to local prosecutors' offices to identify and rigorously prosecute serious, repeat offenders.
Abstract: Orleans Parish, La., San Diego County, Calif., Franklin County, Ohio, and Kalamazoo, Mich., sites were evaluated according to routine processing, definitions, targeted prosecution, impact on criminal justice processing, and crime impact. Beyond general support for targeting career criminals, there was considerable diversity among the four jurisdictions in defining their career criminal population. The offices focused solely either on past repeaters (New Orleans, Franklin County), or on the most 'serious' portion of their criminal defendant population (Kalamazoo, San Diego). Few changes in disposition mode and type (conviction, plea, trial, and dismissal rates) of career criminal defendants were associated with the CCP. Although the strength and length of career criminal convictions were increased, no increases in incapacitation rates were observed in any of the four sites. In fact, three of the four sites were incapacitating career criminals at a high (90 percent) rate before the program. Contrary to expectations, more serious cases are not being neglected by the criminal justice system. Given the highly structured environment in which the prosecutor operates, it is understandable that the majority of the CCP activities have involved changes in the internal operations of the prosecutor's office. In order to impact crime rates, a CCP requires additional Federal funding; cooperation by the police, the judiciary, and corrections; some mechanism to tie minimum sentences to the charges of conviction; and cooperation with parole boards, which can release career criminals as fast or faster than prosecutors can process them. Tabular data are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): California; Career criminal programs; Convicted offender incapacitation; Convictions; Habitual offenders; Louisiana; Michigan; Ohio; Policy analysis; Priorities determination; Professional criminals; Program evaluation; Prosecution model; Recidivism; Target groups
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