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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78588 Find in a Library
Title: International Summaries: Forms, Manifestations, and Characteristics of Urban Crime
Author(s): M M deVillalobos
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-023-77
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS Publication Sales
Box 6000 Department F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Crimes specific to urban areas are described, especially collective and organized crime and violence in rapidly developing Latin American cities.
Abstract: Anonymity, impersonality, and ease of escape for criminals after a crime favor crime in urban settings. Acculturation problems for new immigrants from the country, conspicuous display of material wealth (which incites the unsophisticated poor to pursue riches regardless of means employed to obtain them), and the accessibility of unlawful pleasures (drugs, gambling, prostitution) are among the causes of urban crime. Individual and collective crime (the latter comprising organized and nonorganized criminal groups) take unique forms in urban areas. Heavy concentrations of people easily become mobs, whose collective psychology is different from that of the individual participants and is easily incited to violent acts. Collective crime groups include the syndicate and other organized groups. Juvenile delinquency flourishes in urban areas because young people are even more vulnerable than adults to the socioeconomic and cultural influences of urban centers and face the danger of drifting into youth subcultures when they fail to adapt to the environment. Criminal behavior is only understandable in social contexts and is a type of negative reaction of individuals to their societies. New forms of violence are perpetrated by political groups, movements, and institutions. Traditional crimes continue, especially the corruption of public officials which is endemic to Latin America, kidnappings, hijackings, blackmail for political purposes, and white-collar crimes not covered by the existing criminal laws which cover stock manipulation, foreign currency traffic, tax evasion, etc. No bibliography is appended.
Index Term(s): Latin America; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Society-crime relationships; Urban area studies
Note: This article, summarized and translated from Spanish by Louciana Rose, was originally published in Panama in 1978. NIJ/ NCJRS international summary of " Formas, Manifestaciones Y Caracteristicas De La Delincuencia Urbana" (NCJ-61723).
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