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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78598 Find in a Library
Title: International Summaries: Recidivism in Polish Criminal Law
Author(s): A Spotowski
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper will consider the characteristics and consequences of recidivism as defined in Polish criminal law.
Abstract: Generally, the Polish code defines different kinds of recidivism and calls for appropriate penalties for each. 'General' recidivism refers to new offenses by a person who had been previously convicted for offenses different from the one at issue. The prerequisites and the penalties for general recidivism vary from case to case. Heavier penalties are not imposed if a previous negligent offense is not similar to the new negligent offense. In a case of 'general' recidivism, less than the most severe sentencing option may be imposed only in exceptional cases. 'Special' recidivism involves the repetition of similar offenses and takes into account the amount of time since the offender had been released from jail and the amount of time spent in jail. Imprisonment is always required in cases of special recidivism. Severity increases with multiple recidivism. Postrelease measures include probationary supervision or placement in a center for social adjustment. Statistics indicate recidivism involving major offenses is relatively uncommon. The courts seldom take advantage of the opportunity to give lighter sentences for exceptional cases. 6 footnotes.
Main Term(s): Recidivism
Index Term(s): Criminal codes; Poland; Sentencing factors
Note: NIJ/NCJRS international summary of 'Der Rueckfall im polnischen Strafrecht' (NCJ 60855)
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