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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78651 Find in a Library
Title: Research Studies on Self-inflicted Injuries in Prison With Special Consideration of Recommended Measures, 1897-1979
Journal: Monatsschrift fuer Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform  Volume:63  Issue:3  Dated:(June 1980)  Pages:153-161
Author(s): C Swientek
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 9
Type: Bibliography
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: A brief overview and a bibliography of international literature on the problem of self-inflicted injuries, suicide, and attempted suicide in prisons are presented.
Abstract: The works included cover the period 1897 to 1979. The pertinent literature (138 items) is arranged chronologically in a table so that general trends in research approaches can be seen. According to the lines of development evident in the table, case histories were the principal type of study approach used until about 1960, with an increase in the amount of interpretation toward the end of the period. After 1960, studies started to appear on statistical trends. At the same time, researchers began to consider auto-aggression as a consequence of broad environmental factors rather than as a strictly individual phenomenon. The number of empirical studies increased after the mid-1960's. Several years later, researchers began to use psychological tests and to correlate certain forms of deviant behavior to self-inflicted injuries. The data from most studies derive from analysis of documents rather than from immediate contact with the prisoners themselves. Further research on a clinical level is deemed desirable. An alphabetical bibliography of about 150 entries is also appended.
Index Term(s): Germany; Inmates; Literature reviews; Research; Research methods; Self mutilation; Suicide
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