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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78693 Find in a Library
Title: Simulating Terrorism
Author(s): S Sloan
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 175
Sponsoring Agency: University of Oklahoma Press
Norman, OK 73019-6051
Sale Source: University of Oklahoma Press
1005 Asp Ave.
Norman, OK 73019-6051
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book describes simulation as a method to train individuals and groups to respond effectively to terrorist attacks and details the results of 10 such full-scale simulations conducted with police and military forces in the United States and overseas.
Abstract: The targets included military installations, airports, and corporate facilities; the victims were military personnel, police, foreign-service officers, and others who were vulnerable to terrorist attacks because of their professions. The text discusses techniques of writing the plot and script of a simulation and explains how to prepare the actors to be terrorists by helping them to identify with each other as members of a highly motivated group. Additional topics include administrative guidelines for conducting realistic simulations while taking safety precautions, for choosing suitable personnel, and for gathering necessary arms and equipment. Emotional and intellectual responses of participants are discussed in relation to those of actual hostages and terrorists. Problems in developing an effective law enforcement response and patterns of hostage adjustment to terrorist incidents are considered. Familiar patterns in the simulated incidents and in documented actual incidents are observed: (1) initial confusion and delay in the law enforcement response, (2) a gradual routine in negotiations with terrorists that can result in miscalculations as negotiators accelerate activity when they recognize that a climax is being reached, (3) a tendency to ignore the hostages as negotiations become complex and involved. The text concludes that the development of consistent policies towards terrorism are thwarted by a fragmented response and that simulations are effective in learning to react to terrorist attacks. Two appendixes contain suggestions for conducting a simulation and discuss common patterns in a hostage-taking exercise with a skyjacking. Chapter notes, a bibliography of 53 citations, and an index are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism tactics; Counter-terrorism training; Crisis management; Oklahoma; Police hostage-negotiation units; Political impact of terrorism; Terrorism simulation; Terrorist tactics; Threat assessment
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