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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78695 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of the Canadian Gun Control Legislation - First Progress Report
Author(s): E Scarff; T Jacques; M McAuley; T Zaharchuk
Corporate Author: Decision Dynamics Corporation
Canada
Project Director: T Zaharchuk
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 278
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8, Canada
Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A OP8, Canada
Decision Dynamics Corporation
Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: Canada Solicitor General
340 Laurier Avenue, West
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8,
Canada

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This report highlights first-year findings of a 3-year evaluation on the effectiveness of Canadian Government firearm legislation, Bill C-51.
Abstract: The study involves two basic types of analyses. The first assesses various objective measures that would indicate whether or not Bill C-51 was promoting a reduction in criminal and other types of firearm incidents. The second examines the implementation of the legislative and administrative provisions, and where possible, their effects. Containing major innovations, Bill C-51 became effective in 1978 and created the positions of firearms officers and Chief Provincial/Territorial Firearms Officers (CPFO's), the Firearms Acquisition Certificate (FAC) program, and additional categories of firearm prohibition orders. The bill expanded types of permits needed by businesses dealing with firearms and ammunition and authorized search and seizure without a warrant, even when the occurrence was not a criminal offense. It also increased the scope of certain offenses, provided for more severe penalties for the criminal use of firearms, and suspended prosecution for illegal possession of firearms of persons submitting their firearms for disposal or registration. The evaluation involved collection of data from three geographical levels: national, provincial, and local. Analyses indicated that the use of firearms in criminal activities was decreasing in Canada in the late 1970's. However, the rate of noncriminal firearm incidents has not changed since the mid-1970's. Generally, the increased administrative steps required to conduct applicant screening and central recordkeeping are being handled smoothly and efficiently. Specific findings are discussed for the legislative provisions, including administrative changes, screening, prohibition, the regulation of businesses, search and seizure, sentencing, safe handling and storage, and amnesty and recall. The report recommends collecting the $10 FAC fee with the preliminary FAC application to reduce the number of processed applications which are never picked up, designing a standard national method of reporting and recording prohibitions, and implementing centralized business inspection systems in all provinces. Tables and graphs are provided. Statistics and the text of Bill C-51 are appended.
Index Term(s): Canada; Evaluation; Firearms; Gun Control; Legislation
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=78695

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