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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78756 Find in a Library
Title: Prisoners at Midyear 1981
Journal: Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin  Dated:(September 1981)  Pages:complete issue
Author(s): C B Kalish
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Midyear statistics (through June 30, 1981,) on the Nation's prison population are discussed. Data were gathered from the departments of corrections in the 50 States and the District of Columbia.
Abstract: The prison population swelled by more than 20,000 during the first half of 1981; State and Federal correctional institutions held nearly 350,000 prisoners, compared with less than 330,000 yearend 1980. The number of Federal prisoners rose by 1,370 in the first half of 1981, with the overwhelming part of the total increase (19,000) occurring in State institutions. The largest correctional system, the Texas system, surpassed 30,000 during the report period, and 3 other State prison systems have populations of more than 20,000 -- California, Florida, and New York. Although the largest numbers of inmates have been admitted to the larger State prisons, smaller States (such as North Dakota, Utah, and Alaska) have experienced a rise in prison population. Overall, 14 States posted gains of more than 10 percent in prison population, and another 5 States had gains of close to 10 percent by midyear 1981. Four States -- Colorado, Minnesota, New Mexico, and Oregon -- decreased their prison populations during 1980 and 1981 but only by a combined decrease of 320 inmates. Record incarceration rates, particularly for female offenders, have also been reported. Items for further reading are appended; graphs and data tables are furnished.
Index Term(s): Corrections statistics; Incarceration; Inmate statistics; State correctional facilities; State-by-state analyses
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