skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 78788 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Background Paper for the Violent Juvenile Offender Research and Development Program
Author(s): J Fagan; S J Jones; E Hartstone; C Rudman; R Emerson
Corporate Author: Urban and Rural Systems Associates
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 99
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Urban and Rural Systems Associates
San Francisco, CA 94111
US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: 80-JN-AX-0006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This background paper is intended to provide a theoretical and conceptual framework for the design and testing of alternative intervention strategies for violent juvenile offenders.
Abstract: The major objectives of the paper are to (1) summarize current knowledge about juvenile violence, including the demographics, psychosocial characteristics, offense histories and careers, victimization patterns, and justice system processing of offenders; and (2) review theoretical literature on delinquency and juvenile violence, summarize current knowledge on correctional programming for violent juveniles, identify promising program approaches, and identify a theory base for rigorous testing in the national research and development program. The proposed intervention model identifies four underlying principles which operate on both internal and external bonds: social networking (socialization experiences and personal attachments), provision of youth opportunities, social learning, and goal-oriented interventions. Based on these principles, effective intervention approaches must be multifaceted and individually oriented. Each offender should be examined and assessed for contributing factors, which should indicate a treatment program consisting of an array of approaches that focus on the causes of violent delinquent behavior in the individual in the situational settings of family, school and peers, and the community. Linkages between the intervention model, the program design, and the research design are explained. Appended is an overview of the research design for the Violent Juvenile Offender Research and Development Program. A bibliography contains about 200 listings.
Index Term(s): Alcohol-Related Offenses; Crime control model; Evaluation techniques; Juvenile delinquency factors; Violent juvenile offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.