skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 78791 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Offender Act - A Study of the Act's Effectiveness and Impact on the New York Juvenile Justice System
Author(s): M Sobie
Corporate Author: Foundation for Child Development
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Foundation for Child Development
New York, NY 10017
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Findings and recommendations are presented from an examination of the effectiveness and impact of New York State's Juvenile Offender Act (JOA) on the State's juvenile justice system.
Abstract: JOA severely limits the discretion of the courts (as opposed to the prosecutor) to sentence or place children in nonpenal programs and lowers the age of criminal responsibility to 13 or 14 years. Recommendations to restructure the act are based on the overall conclusion that JOA fails to serve its intended purpose and severely prejudices those children who should not be criminally charged. Recommendations are that (1) every juvenile offender case should be filed initially in the family court; (2) the crimes of first degree burglary, second degree burglary, and second degree robbery should be eliminated as juvenile offenses but retained as designated felonies; (3) the crimes of first degree rape, first degree sodomy, first degree manslaughter, first degree assault, and first degree robbery should be class 'A' designated felonies; and (4) the small number of juvenile offender cases involving second degree murder, first degree manslaughter, first degree rape, first degree sodomy, and first degree arson should be transferred to the criminal courts at the request of the district attorney and only upon a finding of probable cause. In addition, every other juvenile offense case should be transferable to the adult criminal courts at the discretion of the family court and upon the district attorney's request, and the presentment or prosecution of all delinquency cases in the family court should be reviewed. Tabular data and 145 footnotes are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Effectiveness; Evaluation; Juvenile codes; New York
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.