skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 78800 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Performance Measurement for Prosecution and Public Defense
Author(s): J E Jacoby
Corporate Author: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 113
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc
Washington, DC 20036
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0091
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The first phase of a long-term research effort addresses the theoretical aspects of performance measurement and sets forth a conceptual and theoretical approach for measurement of prosecution and public defense performance.
Abstract: A useful theory of performance measurement for prosecution and public defense must address the questions of what should be included for measurement, the measures to use, and the purpose of measurement. There are three basic levels of performance for which a measurement theory can be developed in the criminal justice system; individual performance, which focuses on the individual prosecutor or public defender; criminal justice system performance, which focuses on the combined effects of the various components of the system; and agency performance, which focuses on the operations, management, and planning functions of an agency. Basic principles and approaches especially suitable in defining a prosecution or defense agency's activities are that (1) descriptions of the agency's activities should be in terms of their functions, (2) only those factors or activities over which the agency has control and for which it can be held accountable should be included in the measurement schema, and (3) the framework within which the measurement is assessed should be based on agency policy. In addition, performance measurement for an agency must define the agency's outputs, identify the variables that affect the output, and develop measures which can satisfy a variety of purposes. The last component of a theory for performance measurement is the identification of some of its primary uses and the development of measures and measurement concepts that are compatible with these uses. The report discusses the need for performance measures, a functional approach for performance measurement, the dynamics of functional analysis, the structure of decisionmaking systems, and statistical systems for performance measurement. A final chapter considers performance as the delivery of services. Figures and approximately 120 references are provided. An appendix (see NCJ 78801) discusses a composite index of criminality.
Index Term(s): Evaluation; Performance requirements; Prosecution; Public defenders; Testing and measurement; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.