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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 78838 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Managing the Pace of Justice - An Evaluation of LEAA's Court Delay-Reduction Programs
Author(s): D W Neubauer; M J Lipetz; M L Luskin; J P Ryan
Corporate Author: American Judicature Soc
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 444
Sponsoring Agency: American Judicature Soc
Chicago, IL 60601-7401
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0076
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study uses time-series data gathered from case files and data from site visits and interviews to evaluate four programs for reducing delay in criminal courts. The purpose is to advance the state of the art in delay studies and in court management techniques.
Abstract: The report emphasizes that delay is integrally related to the politics and norms of local trial courts. An overview describes the mode of evaluation and working hypotheses and the four study sites: the general jurisdiction trial courts in Providence, R.I., Dayton, Ohio, and Las Vegas, Nev., and a limited jurisdiction court in Detroit. (These four courts experienced delays in processing criminal cases and responded by implementing delay-reduction programs with Federal funding.) The report addresses some dimensions of conceptualization, measurement, and analysis of case processing time and presents hypotheses on potential effects of case characteristics on processing time. Although the nature of the delay-reduction programs varied across the sites, all were management reforms. They involved increased formal coordination among courtroom actors (Las Vegas), initiation or modifications of assignment offices (Providence and Detroit), changes in method of case assignment (Detroit), or a coordinated package of management reforms (Providence and Dayton). Data analyses indicated that delay-reduction activities improved case processing time in all four courts, and, most important, that cases in the four sites were processed at similar paces subsequent to the delay-reduction activities. In Dayton, for example, median time dropped from 69 days from arraignment to disposition in the baseline period to only 43 days in the postinnovation period. The toughest 25 percent of the cases consumed a minimum of 104 days in the baseline period and 87 days after the innovations. Implications of these data for both practitioners and researchers are mentioned. Data tables and charts, chapter notes, case file data collection forms, interview guides, graphs, and over 100 references are supplied. See NCJ 79086 for an executive summary of this report.
Index Term(s): Court case flow; Court case flow management; Court delays; Court reorganization; Evaluation; Michigan; Nevada; Ohio; Program evaluation; Rhode Island
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=78838

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